Dr Manash Das, Dr Md Anfas Nusrat Pasha, Dr Mriganka Baruah, Dr Mukesh Gupta, Dr Navneet Maini


Globally, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus is continuously escalating. The complications of chronic diabetes mellitus include retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, cardiomyopathy, and vasculopathy. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of renal failure and approximately 20-30% of all diabetic subjects develop evidence of diabetic nephropathy manifesting from microalbuminuria to macroalbuminuria and renal failure. Nephropathy is one of the major complications of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. The renal pathologic alterations of diabetic nephropathy are associated with glomerular basement membrane thickening, mesangial cell expansion, glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, podocyte loss, and tubular atrophy. These renal alterations during diabetic nephropathy could result in albuminuria, a decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and an increase in serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels1. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy2.


TELMISARTAN, NEPHROPATHY, glomerular ltration rate (GFR)

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