Dr Jitendra Grover, Dr Qutubuddin Ali


Background. To determine the characteristics of peritonitis in newborns and infants  in relation to the epidemiology, clinical picture and to study the clinical outcome  in newborns and infants admitted with peritonitis

Methods The patients included in the study were divided into 2 groups (Group A) newborns (< 30 day age), and (Group B) 1 month to 1 year age. Patients from both groups underwent thorough clinical evaluation ,lab. Tests  and outcome was seen and documented. In patients, undergoing surgery, operative findings and details of the operative procedure performed was recorded in detail. Regular postoperative assessment was performed and  any complications recorded in detail. The ultimate outcome was recorded.

Results Approximately half the NEC-PT and NEC-FT patients survived (45.46 % and 40%) while as many as 8/ 9 FIP patients, of whom 8 were FT, survived (88.9 %). Preterm babies with CP had the highest mortality (100 %).

Conclusion Though NEC was a major cause of intestinal perforation in neonatal age group but it was significantly higher in incidence in cases of perforation peritonitis in children up to the age of one year .Focal intestinal perforation was also a major cause of intestinal perforation but factors causing it were different from that of NEC.


Necrotizing Enterocolitis,diarrhea, Neonate

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